Lavenda, Schultz, Anthropology 5e Student Resources
- Anthropology: An Introduction
- Evolution and Genetics
- First Humans
- Gender and Sexuality
- Human Variation
- Inequality: Race, Ethnicity, Class
- Kinship, Marriage, and Family
- Medical Anthropology and the Body
- Methods and Fieldwork
- Neolithic Revolution and Transition to Agriculture
- Power and Politics
- Subsistence / Foodways
- Marks asserts that biological anthropology is different from other sciences. How does it differ?
- He says, “if you want to understand human evolution, you have to be an anthropologist, not a biologist.” Why?
- According to Marks, what did biological anthropologists learn over the course of the 20th century about human evolution?
- How does he explain the shift from “physical anthropology” to “biological anthropology?”
- What questions do you have?
Over the past 50 years, thousands of exquisitely painted Maya vases, almost all looted from royal tombs, have flooded into the world's public and private collections. These amazing works of art, filled with humor and mystery, have opened an extraordinary window on the Maya past. But the race to unearth these treasures has destroyed ancient temples and palaces, culminating in the takeover of entire ancient cities by looter armies.
Out of the Maya Tombs enters the world of the vases to explore the royal life and rich mythology of the Maya, as well as the tangled issues involved in the collection and study of Maya art. The story is told by villagers, looters, archaeologists, scholars, dealers, and curators. For each, these vases have a radically different value and meaning.
On a purely sensual level, Out of the Maya Tombs celebrates the artistry of these vases. It uses visual fascination as the doorway to intellectual and emotional engagement. Dramatic re-enactments and animated graphics created from ancient artwork bring Maya history and culture to life.Please login to view purchased products or purchase new ones.
Directed by Ruth Gumnit
color, 43 min, 2015
Distributed by Documentary Educational Resources
Visible Silence is a rare glimpse into the unspoken lives of Thai toms, dees, and lesbians striving for recognition, authenticity, and acceptance in a traditional Buddhist society. It is an intimate story of self and family, love and sexuality, and self-determination where conformity is prized. The film highlights the experience of masculine women (toms) who visibly transgress gender norms, yet are bound to remain silent about who they really are. Visible Silence gives voice to their unspoken truths.
Why this clip is important:
Like sexual cultures everywhere, Thailand’s culture of sexuality has certain particularities, expectations, and social categories that are closely related to assumptions about appropriate gender roles and behaviors. There is strong pressure in Thai society for women to conform to ideas about how women should be, and those who don’t conform stand out, which is not what women are “supposed to do.” Lesbian women who do not conform to those expectations—in their looks, behavior, sexual preferences, and so on—are considered to be of lesser value than “normal” women. The clip introduces us to two categories of lesbian: “toms” who are expected to “be a little macho,” have confidence, “take a lead,” and have a girlfriend; and “dees,” who are the “females” in a relationship with a tom. The clip helps us understand how toms and dees define themselves and shape their own identities in a social context in which control over sexuality and gender expectations can be strict.
To think about and discuss:
- You may not know much about Thai cultural expectations regarding gender-appropriate appearance and behavior for women, but based on what you have seen and heard in this video, what do you think those expectations might be?
- How you think this film clip shows sexuality to be culturally patterned and socially conditioned?
- What kinds of social consequences do you think toms might experience for their transgression of gender norms?
- How do you think being a tom or dee might affect an individual’s relationships within a family?
- What questions do you have?