A detailed record of field observations.

The integrated set of concepts and ideas that emerge from the analysis of field data.

Position adopted by a participant observer that determines how he or she relates to others in the group or setting.

Type of research in which the researcher actively takes part in the group or setting under study.

Type of research that uses explicit plans and preset categories for recording observations.

A field researcher’s primary means of recording observations while in the observational setting.

To gain access to a group or setting, a field researcher may have to obtain their permission.

May present serious ethical problems when the setting is private.

The primary method of organizing field notes into meaningful units of information.

An adjunct to field observation that can be a major source of data in the field.

For in-depth interviews, the counterpart of an interview schedule in survey research.

Gathering information in the field that is relevant to a working hypothesis.