Chapter 4 Learning Objectives: 

  1. Understand the language of social research by defining and applying the key terms in this chapter.
  2. Identify the ways of representing relationships between qualitative variables and relationships between quantitative variables.
  3. Describe the three criteria for inferring causal relationships.
  4. State relationships between variables as testable hypotheses.
  5. Define the three broad purposes of social research.
  6. Outline the stages of social research.