By the end of the chapter, the student will be able to do the following:

  • Explain the complex factors that enter into the consideration of racial disparities in the labor market.
  • Express how racial, ethnic, and gender disparities are part of income and labor market inequalities.
  • Understand the purpose and approaches of affirmative action.
  • Give examples of groups that have benefited from entrepreneurship and self-employment and groups that have not.
  • Define chapter terms such as Gini coefficient, implicit bias, earnings gap, wage gap, skills mismatch hypothesis, and spatial mismatch hypothesis.
  • Name and define three types of hiring discrimination.