Chapter 25 Student Reading Guide

Christians and Jews: Hebrews, Barnabas, and Later Anti-Jewish Literature

1. Was forgery a recognized practice in the ancient world? What reasons did people have for forging literary works? What techniques did forgers use? Was forgery considered acceptable in the ancient world?

2. What do the following adjectives mean, and how do they relate to one another: forged, pseudonymous, anonymous, and homonymous?

3. What are the arguments against Pauline authorship of each of the Deutero-Pauline epistles? (There are somewhat different arguments for each of them.) Of the Pastorals? Do you find these arguments persuasive? Why or why not?