Chapter 24 Student Reading Guide

From Paul’s Female Colleagues to the Pastor’s Intimidated Women: The Oppression of Women in Early Christianity

1. In what ways were Jesus’ teachings and Paul’s theology similar to one another? In what ways were they different? In your opinion, do Paul and Jesus represent fundamentally the samereligion or fundamentally different religions?

2. Does it seem to you that James 2:14–26 represents a flat-out contradiction of Paul’s words in Romans 3:27–31 and 4:1–5, 22; and in Galatians 2:15–16 and 3:6? If not, how do you explain away the differences?

3. How were Paul’s views developed in the stories about Paul and Thecla? How were they developed among Gnostics like Theudas?