Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

What Are Ecosystem Services? 

History of Ecosystem Services 

  • Ecosystem valuation 
  • Biodiversity and ecosystem function 
  • The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 

Types of Ecosystem Services 

  • Supporting services 
  • Provisioning services 
  • Regulating services 
  • Box 6.1 Success Story: How New York City Keeps Its Drinking Water Clean 
  • Box 6.2 Case in Point: Wetland Loss and Hurricane Katrina 
  • Cultural services 
  • Alternative frameworks 

Biotic Control of Ecosystem Services

  • Functional traits 
  • Biodiversity 
  • Box 6.3 Challenges & Opportunities: The Dilution Effect 

Ecosystem Markets and Payments for Ecosystem Services

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