The employment relationship and the contract of employment
  1. Rideout, ‘The Contract of Employment’ (1966) 19 Current Legal Problems111.
  2. Kahn-Freund, ‘A Note on Status and Contract in British Labour Law’ (1967) 30 Modern Law Review635.
  3. Kahn-Freund, ‘The Contract of Employment: Blackstone’s Neglected Child’ (1977) 93 Law Quarterly Review508.
  4. Elias, ‘The Structure of the Employment Contract’ (1982) 35 Current Legal Problems95.
  5. Collins, ‘Market Power, Bureaucratic Power, and the Contract of Employment’ (1986) 15 Industrial Law Journal1.
  6. Hepple, ‘Restructuring Employment Rights’ (1986) 15 Industrial Law Journal69.
  7. Supiot, Beyond Employment: Changes in Work and the Future of Labour Law in Europe (Oxford, OUP, 2001).
  8. Deakin, ‘The Contract of Employment: A Study in Legal Evolution’ (2001) 11 Historical Studies in Industrial Relations 1.
  9. Freedland, The Personal Employment Contract (Oxford, OUP, 2003) 1–111 and 517–523.
  10. Deakin and F. Wilkinson, The Law of the Labour Market: Industrialization, Employment, and Legal Evolution (Oxford, OUP, 2005) 41–109.
  11. Freedland, ‘Rethinking the Personal Work Contract’ (2005) 58 Current Legal Problems517.
  12. Deakin, ‘Does the ‘Personal Employment Contract’ Provide a Basis for the Reunification of Employment Law?’ (2007) 36 Industrial Law Journal68.
  13. Freedland and N. Kountouris, ‘Towards a Comparative Theory of the Contractual Construction of Personal Work Relations in Europe’ (2008) 37 Industrial Law Journal49.
  14. Leighton and M. Wynn, ‘Classifying Employment Relationships—More Sliding Doors or a Better Regulatory Framework?’ (2011) 40 Industrial Law Journal5.
  15. Freedland and N. Kountouris, The Legal Construction of Personal Work Relations (Oxford, OUP, 2011).
  16. Prassl, ‘Employee Shareholder ‘Status’: Dismantling the Contract of Employment (2013) 42 Industrial Law Journal 307.
  17. H Collins, ‘The Contract of Employment in 3D’ in D. Campbell, L Mulcahy and S. Wheeler (eds.) Changing Concepts of Contract (Palgrave MacMillan, 2013) 65.
  18. Marshall, ‘How Does Institutional Change Occur? Two Strategies for Reforming the Scope of Labour Law (2014) 43 Industrial Law Journal 286.
  19. J. Walton, ‘The Shifting Nature of Work and Its Implications’ (2016) 45 Industrial Law Journal 111.
  20. Freedland, ‘The Legal Structure of the Contract of Employment’ in M. Freedland et al (eds), The Contract of Employment (Oxford, OUP, 2016) 34.
  21. Freedland, ‘The Exchange Principle and the Wage-Work Bargain’ in M. Freedland et al (eds), The Contract of Employment (Oxford, OUP, 2016) 68.
  22. Albin and J. Prassl, ‘Fragmenting Work, Fragmented Regulation’ in M. Freedland et al (eds.) The Contract of Employment (Oxford, OUP, 2016) 209.
  23. Riley, ‘The Definition of the Contract of Employment and its Differentiation from Other Contracts and Other Work Relations’ in M. Freedland et al (eds.) The Contract of Employment (Oxford, OUP, 2016) 321.
  24. Prassl and E. Albin, ‘Employees, Employers, and Beyond’ in M. Freedland et al (eds.) The Contract of Employment (Oxford, OUP, 2016) 341.

Additional reading on the policy options

 

  1. Collins, ‘Independent Contractors and the Challenge of Vertical Disintegration to Employment Protection Laws’ (1990) 10 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies353.
  2. Freedland and N. Kountouris, ‘Towards a Comparative Theory of the Contractual Construction of Personal Work Relations in Europe’ (2008) 37 Industrial Law Journal49.
  3. Collins, Employment Law, 2nd edition (Oxford, OUP, 2010) Chapters 1 and 2.
  4. Dukes, ‘The Constitutional Function of Labour Law in the European Union’ in N. Walker, J. Shaw, and S. Tierney (eds), Europe’s Constitutional Mosaic (Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2011) 341.
  5. Langille, ‘Labour Law’s Theory of Justice’ in G. Davidov and B. Langille (eds), The Idea of Labour Law (Oxford, OUP, 2011) 101.
  6. Freedland and N. Kountouris, ‘The Legal Characterization of Personal Work Relations and the Idea of Labour Law’ in G. Davidov and B. Langille (eds), The Idea of Labour Law (Oxford, OUP, 2011) 191.
  7. Davidov, ‘The Goals of Regulating Work: Between Universalism and Selectivity’ (2014) 64 University of Toronto Law Journal 1.
  8. Freedland, ‘Otto Kahn-Freund, the Contract of Employment and the Autonomy of Labour Law’ in A Bogg, C Costello, A C L Davies, J Prassl (eds), The Autonomy of Labour Law (Oxford, Hart, 2015) 29.
  9. Collins, ‘Contractual Autonomy’ in A Bogg, C Costello, A C L Davies, J Prassl (eds), The Autonomy of Labour Law (Oxford, Hart, 2015) 45.
  10. Sir Brian Langstaff, ‘Changing Times, Changing Relationships at Work… Changing Law?” (2016) 45 Industrial Law Journal
  11. De Stefano, ‘Crowdsourcing, the Gig-Economy, and the Law’ (2016) 37 Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal 461.
  12. De Stefano, ‘The Rise of the Just-in-Time Workforce: On-Demand Work, Crowdwork and Labor Protection in the Gig-Economy’ (2016) 37 Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal 471.
  13. Prassl and M. Risak, ‘Uber, Taskrabbit, & Co: Platforms as Employers? Rethinking the Legal Analysis of Crowdwork' (2016) 37 Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal 619.
  14. Rogers, ‘Employment Rights in the Platform Economy: Getting Back to Basics’ (2016) 10 Harvard Law & Policy Review 479.
  15. J Prassl, Humans as a Service (Oxford, OUP, 2018).
  16. McCann and J. Fudge, “A Strategic Approach to Regulating Unacceptable Forms of Work” (2019) 46 Journal of Law and Society 271.
  17. Fudge, ‘Modern Slavery, Unfree Labour and the Labour Market: The Social Dynamics of Legal Characterization’ (2018) 27 Social & Legal Studies 414.
  18. Fudge, ‘Illegal Working, Migrants and labour Exploitation in the UK’ (2018) 38 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 557.
  19. Mantouvalou, “The UK Modern Slavery Act 2015 Three Years On” (2018) 81 Modern Law Review 1017.
  20. Dukes, ‘From the Labour Constitution to an Economic Sociology of Labour Law’ (2018) 9 Jurisprudence 418.
  21. Dukes, ‘The Economic Sociology of Labour Law’ (2019) 46(3) Journal of Law and Society 396.

Additional reading on identifying and classifying the contract of employment

 

  1. Collins, ‘Employment Rights of Casual Workers’ (2000) 29 Industrial Law Journal73.
  2. Davies, ‘Casual Workers and Continuity of Employment’ (2006) 35 Industrial Law Journal196.
  3. Brodie, The Contract of Employment (Edinburgh, Thomson/W Green, Scottish Universities Law Institute, 2008) 1–23.
  4. Davies, ‘Sensible Thinking About Sham Transactions: Protectacoat Firthglow Ltd v Szilagyi’ (2009) 38 Industrial Law Journal318.
  5. Bogg, ‘Sham Self-Employment in the Court of Appeal’ (2010) 126 Law Quarterly Review166.
  6. McClelland, ‘A Purposive approach to Employment Protection or a Missed Opportunity?’ (2012) 75 Modern Law Review427.
  7. Bogg, ‘Sham Self-Employment in the Supreme Court’ (2012) 41 Industrial Law Journal328.
  8. Prassl, ‘The Notion of the Employer’ (2013) 129 Law Quarterly Review380.
  9. Davies, ‘Employment Law’ in E. Simpson and M. Stewart, Sham Transactions (Oxford, OUP, 2013) 176.
  10. Albin, ‘The Case of Quashie: Between the Legalisation of Sex Work and the Precariousness of Personal Service Work (2013) 42 Industrial Law Journal 180.
  11. Rodgers, ‘Public Employment and Access to Justice in Employment Law (2014) 43 Industrial Law Journal 373.
  12. Fraser Butlin, ‘The Missed Opportunity of President of the Methodist Conference v Preston’ (2014) 43 Industrial Law Journal 485.
  13. Kountouris, ‘Uses and Misuses of ‘Mutuality of Obligations’ and the Autonomy of Labour Law’ in A Bogg, C Costello, A C L Davies, J Prassl (eds), The Autonomy of Labour Law (Oxford, Hart, 2015) 187.
  14. J Prassl, The Concept of the Employer (Oxford, OUP, 2015).
  15. C. L. Davies, ‘The Employment Status of Clergy Revisited: Sharpe v Bishop of Worcester‘ (2015) 44 Industrial Law Journal 551.
  16. Prassl, The Concept of the Employer (Oxford, OUP, 2015).
  17. McGaughey, ‘Social Rights and the Function of Employing Entities’ (2017) 37 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 482.
  18. Bales, A. Bogg and T. Novitz, ‘’Voice’ and ‘Choice’ in Modern Working Practices: Problems with the Taylor Review (2018) 47 Industrial Law Journal 46.
  19. Adams, ‘Labour Law and the Labour Market: Employment Status Reconsidered’ (2019) 135 Law Quarterly Review 521.
  20. McGaughey, “Uber, the Taylor Review, Mutuality and the Duty Not to Misrepresent Employment Status” (2019) 48 Industrial Law Journal 180.

Additional reading on illegality of the contract of employment

 

  1. Freedland, The Personal Employment Contract (Oxford, OUP, 2003) 75–79.
  2. Freedland and N. Kountouris, The Legal Construction of Personal Work Relations (Oxford, OUP, 2011) 147–152.
  3. Bogg & S. Green, ‘Rights are Not Just for the Virtuous: What Hounga Means for the Illegality Defence in the Discrimination Torts (2015) 44 Industrial Law Journal 101.
  4. A. Buckley, ‘Illegality in the Supreme Court’ (2015) 131 Law Quarterly Review 341.
  5. Goudkamp and M. Zou, ‘The Defence of Illegality in Tort Law: Beyond Judicial Redemption?’ (2015) 74 Cambridge Law Journal 13.
  6. C. Fisher, ‘The ex turpi causa Principle in Hounga and Servier’ (2015) 78 Modern Law Review 854.
  7. Lim, “Attribution and the Illegality Defence” (2016) 79 Modern Law Review 476.
  8. Goudkamp “The end of an era? Illegality in private law in the Supreme Court” (2017) 133 Law Quarterly Review 14.
  9. Green and A. Bogg, Illegality after Patel v Mirza (Oxford, Hart, 2018).
  10. Strauss QC, “Illegality Decisions after Patel v Mirza” (2018) 134 Law Quarterly Review 538.
  11. Burrows, “Illegality After Patel v Mirza” (2017) 70 Current Legal Problems 55.